Shenzen Stock Exchange

Shenzen, China
Photo © Philippe Ruault
Photo © Philippe Ruault
Architects
OMA - Office for Metropolitan Architecture
Location
Shenzen, China
Year
2013
Project

The New Headquarters for the Shenzhen Stock Exchange Status: Competition: 1st prize 2006. Completion: October 2013 Client: Shenzhen Stock Exchange

Site
39,000 m2, in the downtown area of Shenzhen at the meeting point of the north-south axis between Mount Lianhua and Binhe Boulevard, and the east-west axis of Shennan Road, Shenzhen's main artery

Program
Total 265,000 m2; 180,000 m2 above ground: Shenzhen Stock Exchange’s offices, Listing Hall, conference centres, a Chinese art gallery, a technical operations centre, canteen, and a restaurant / club, rental offices, a registration & clearing house, a securities information company, and a retail area; 85,000 m2 below ground.

Team
Partners in charge: Rem Koolhaas and David Gianotten, in collaboration with Ellen van Loon and Shohei Shigematsu
Associate in charge: Michael Kokora
On Site Team: Yang Yang, Wanyu He, Daan Ooievaar, Joanna Gu, Vincent Kersten, Yun Zhang
Design Team: Kunle Adeyemi, Ryann Aoukar, Sebastian Appl, Laura Baird, Waichuen Chan, Jan Dechow, Lukas Drasnar, Matthew Engele, Leo Ferretto, Clarisa Garcia Fresco, Alasdair Graham, Jaitian Gu, Matthew Haseltine, João Ferreira Marques Jesus, Matthew Jull, Alex de Jong, Santiago Hierro Kennedy, Klaas Kresse, Miranda Lee, Anna Little, Luxiang Liu, David Eugin Moon, Cristina Murphy, Se Yoon Park, Ferdjan Van der Pijl, Franscesca Portesine, Idrees Rasouli, Korbinian Schneider, Wolfgang Schwarzwalder, Felix Schwimmer, Richard Sharam, Lukasz Skalec, Christine Svensson, Lukasz Szlachcic, Ken Yang Tan, Michela Tonus, Miroslav Vavrina, Na Wei, Xinyuan Wang, Leonie Wenz, Su Xia, Yunchao Xu, Yang Yang, Yun Zhang
Competition team: Konstantin August, Andrea Bertassi, Joao Bravo da Costa, Tieying Fang, Pei Feng, Katharina Gerlach, Carlos Garcia Gonzalez, Martti Kalliala, Klaas Kresse, Anu Leinonen, Anna Little, Jason Long, Beatriz MInguez de Molina, Daniel Ostrowski, Yuanzhen Ou, Mauro Paraviccini, Mendel Robbers, Mariano Sagasta, Bart Schoonderbeek, Hiromasa Shirai, Kengo Skorick, Hong Yong Sook, Christin Svensson, Xinyuan Wang, Dongmei Yao
AMO: Todd Reisz, Brendan McGetrick

Collaborators
Level Acoustic: DHV Building and Industry: Bertie van de Braak, Caroline Kaas, Renz van Luxemburg, Theo Rijmakers
Landscape: Inside Outside: Petra Blaisse, Rosetta Elkin, Aura Melis, Jana Crepon with Laura Baird and Carmen Buitenhuis
Signage and Graphics: 2x4: Michael Rock, Sung Joong Kim, Ji Won Lee, Evan Allen, Celine Fu QS: L&B Quantity Surveyors: Law Hing Wai, Melody Huang
Structure, Services, Fire, Project Management, Vertical Transportation, Building Physics, Building Intelligence, Geotechnics, Lighting: Arup
Team Leaders: Michael Kwok, Rory McGowan, Nancy Huang, Chas Pope, Kai-Sing Yung, Oliver Kwong
Structural engineering: Chas Pope, Goman Ho, Xiaonian Duan, Chris Carroll, Robin Ching, Guo-Yi Cui, Andrew Grant, Yue Hao, Jonathan Kerry, Di Liu, Peng Liu, Hui-yuan Long, Alex To, Fei Tong, Matthew Tsang, Yu-Bai Zhong, FX Xie, Liang Xu, Ling Zhou,
Façade Engineering: Arup: Andy Lee, Gerald Hobday, Fanny Chan, Raymond Cheng, Kimi Shen Front: Richard Green, Marc Simmons
Fire Engineering: Mingchun Luo, Dagang Guo, Li-Li Ma, Feng Rui, Yan-dong Wang,
Building Services engineering: Oliver Kwong, Kai-Sing Yung, Kenneth Chong, Alba Xu, Li Shen, Johnson Chen, WH Au, Michael Bradbury, Kitman Chan, Johnson Chen, Yong Guan, Andrew Lerpiniere, Eddycol Li, Yong-qiao Luo, Yi Ren, Lewis Shiu, Kenneth Sin, Julian Sutherland, Lu-peng Wang, Qi Wang, Yue Wang, Chris Wong, Sabrina Wong, William Wong, Tie- Jun Xiao, Dong Yan, Juliet Zhang, Li-ping Zhang, Lipy Zhang, Xue-li Zhu, Yue-Hui Zhu
Client Liaison: Nancy Huang, Wei Gao, Penny Liu, Jerry Zhang
Vertical transportiation: Matthew Tang, Julian Olley
Building physics: Vincent Cheng, Isaac Tang, Raymond Yau, Rumin Yin
Building intelligence: Patrick Leung, Michael Tomordy, Sam Tsoi, Henry Chan, Mark Chen, Jacky Lo , Wing-Shan Mak, Edwin Wong
Geotechnical engineering: Mark Choi, Maggie Qing-Min Meng, Jason Ng, Wei-Guang Ruan Lighting / LED: Steve Walker, Florence Lam, Sacha Abizadeh, Francesco Anselmo, Katie Davies, Junko Inomoto, David Lakin, Melissa Mak, Siegrid Siderius, Imke van Mil, Kevin Womack
Local Design Institute (Architecture & Engineering): SADI: Yuan Chao, Jing Chen, Jun Chen, Wen Deng, Bo Hong, James Hong, Zhen Hu, Ming Huang, Hanguo Li, Wenming Lin, Zhenhai Lin, Chen Liu, Qiongxiang Liu, Jianlin Mao, Jianmin Meng, Zhijian Qiu, Xiaoheng Shen, Xingliang Shi, Luming Shu, Nan Sun, Xiaohong Sun, Qiwen Wang, Yishan Wang, Chao Wu, Fenghua Xiao, Chuangui Xie, Baozhen Yang, He Yang, Hui Zhen, Wenxing Zhe

The essence of the stock market is speculation: it is based on capital, not material. The Shenzhen Stock Exchange is conceived as a physical materialization of the virtual stock market: it is a building with a floating base, representing the stock market – more than physically accommodating it. Typically, the base of a building anchors a structure and connects it emphatically to the ground. In the case of Shenzhen Stock Exchange, the base, as if lifted by the same speculative euphoria that drives the market, has crept up the tower to become a raised podium, defying an architectural convention that has survived millennia into modernity: a solid building standing on a solid base.

SZSE’s raised podium is a three-storey cantilevered platform floating 36m above the ground, one of the largest office floor plates, with an area of 15,000 m2 per floor and an accessible landscaped roof. The raised podium contains all the Stock Exchange functions, including the listing hall and all stock exchange departments. The raised podium vastly increases SZSE’s exposure in its elevated position. When glowing at night, it “broadcasts” the virtual activities of the city’s financial market, while its cantilevers crop and frame views of Shenzhen. The raised podium also liberates the ground level and creates a generous public space for what could have been what is typically a secure, private building.

The raised podium and the tower are combined as one structure, with the tower and atrium columns providing vertical and lateral support for the cantilevering structure. The raised podium is framed by a robust three-dimensional array of full-depth steel transfer trusses.

The tower is flanked by two atria – voids that connect the ground directly with the public spaces inside the building. SZSE staff enter from the East and tenants from the West. SZSE executive offices are located just above the raised podium, leaving the uppermost floors leasable as rental offices and a dining club.

The generic square form of the tower obediently blends in with the surrounding homogenous towers, but the façade of SZSE is different. The building’s façade wraps the robust exoskeletal grid structure supporting the building in patterned glass. The texture of the glass cladding reveals the construction technology behind while simultaneously rendering it mysterious and beautiful. The neutral colour and translucency of the façade change with weather conditions, creating a mysterious crystalline effect: sparkling during bright sunshine, mute on an overcast day, radiant at dusk, and glowing at night. The façade is a “deep façade”, with recessed openings that passively reduce the amount of solar heat gain entering the building, improve natural day light, and reduce energy consumption. SZSE is designed to be one of the first 3-star green rated buildings in

China.

The 46-storey (254m) Shenzhen Stock Exchange is a Financial Center with civic meaning. Located in a new public square at the meeting point of the north-south axis between Mount Lianhua and Binhe Boulevard, and the east-west axis of Shennan Road, Shenzhen’s main artery, it engages the city not as an isolated object, but as a building to be reacted to at multiple scales and levels. At times appearing massive and at others intimate and personal, SZSE constantly generates new relationships within the urban context, hopefully as an impetus to new forms of architecture and urbanism. 

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