WHAT IS GRAFT ?
The English word "graft" provokes a variety of meanings and multiple readings. It stands for transplants in the field of medicine, for cheating, but also for hard work. In the terminology of botany, it describes the grafting of one shoot onto a genetically different host. The positive properties of two genetically different cultures are combined in the new biological hybrid. In agriculture for example a scion is usually grafted onto a root, which is resistant to frost and parasites. What is graft in Architecture? With botany as a point of departure we can look at graft as a phenomenon in human culture and examine its implications for Architecture. We live in an age of Neo-Nomads with an increasing necessity for flexibility and the advance of compressed space-time-media relations. The identity of the individual becomes questionable: he is displaced from his original physical context and has to find new roots in the changed media environment through enriching new definitions. Also the traditional boundaries of the Discipline of Architecture get increasingly questioned, since interdisciplinary and multimedia methods and terminology infiltrate the quest for meaning and essence of Architecture. The mental grafting of disciplines creates a threshold. The traditional architectonic experiences are broadened through the fuzzy boundaries between external references and internal profession. We can see architecture of new combinations, the crossing of different cultures. The urban spaces of Florence, Rome, and Venice appear in the desert of the United States with the DNA of two-by-four systems, computers create buildings according to the laws of the last Nobel Prize in biology. Unexpected and surprising misunderstandings, global transfers of architectonic beauty, robust crossbreeds - architecture derived out of circumstances, which can only be created through the grafting of different realities.